Advanced query parameter

1️⃣

ROR REST API v1

This page documents v1 of the ROR REST API. For v2 documentation of the ROR REST API, see https://ror.readme.io/v2/docs/api-advanced-query. You can also read more about ROR API versions and a summary of what's new in Schema 2.0.

About the advanced query parameter

The advanced query parameter allows thorough and precise searching of any and all ROR record fields. Complex queries using field names, wildcards, and Boolean operators can be constructed using Elasticsearch query string syntax. The advanced query approach is recommended for the following purposes:

  • Analysis of the ROR registry to answer research questions
  • Searching for records with very specific characteristics or combinations of characteristics

While the Query parameter is designed to help users find organization names quickly with a lightweight keyword search, the advanced query parameter is designed to help users construct more complex and powerful searches. The query parameter searches only five of the many available fields in a ROR record (name, acronyms, aliases, labels, and external_ids), whereas the advanced query parameter allows for searching of all fields and sub-fields in ROR records, including location fields, web address fields, relationship fields, and more.

See All ROR fields and sub-fields for a complete alphabetical list of the fields and sub-fields that can be searched with the advanced query parameter.

Formatting searches

All request strings must be URL-encoded.

Special characters

Some organization names contain characters like &, (), : and /, which have special meaning in URI syntax, Elasticsearch syntax or both. To avoid error responses or bad results:

  • Be sure to URL-encode all advanced query parameter values.
  • Escape any Elasticsearch reserved characters in the organization name with a URL-encoded backslash \ character. Reserved characters include + - = && || > < ! ( ) { } [ ] ^ " ~ * ? : \ /

Spaces and quotation marks

Elasticsearch query string syntax will treat words separated by a space as separate parts of an advanced query. It is therefore advisable to surround multi-word search terms of the ROR API with URL-encoded quotation marks.

Wildcards, Boolean operators, and field names

Consult the Elasticsearch query string syntax documentation for any additional help not provided by the examples below on how to search specific field names and use wildcards and Boolean operators with the advanced query parameter of the ROR REST API.

Case sensitivity

Currently, the advanced query parameter is case-sensitive, meaning that the same search may return different results depending on the letter case of the input string. For best results, capitalize location names (Colorado not colorado) and be aware of uppercase and lowercase differences in other field data. We may change this behavior in future to support case insensitivity for all searches.

Search all fields

The advanced query parameter allows you to perform a keyword search of all ROR record fields and sub-fields.

📘

Advanced query parameter format, all fields

https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=[value]

Example

curl 'https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=%22Harvard%20University%22'

The response returns all instances of the exact phrase "Harvard University" in all fields of all records. Note that the phrase is often found in the relationships field of ROR records for organizations that are related to Harvard University.

{
   "items" : [
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Cambridge",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Cambridge",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Massachusetts",
                     "code" : "US.MA",
                     "id" : 6254926,
                     "name" : "Massachusetts"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Middlesex",
                     "code" : "US.MA.017",
                     "id" : 4943909,
                     "name" : "Middlesex"
                  },
                  "id" : 4931972,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 42.3751,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -71.10561,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : null,
               "state_code" : null
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : "",
         "established" : 1636,
         "external_ids" : {
            "FundRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "100007229",
                  "100010520",
                  "100009802",
                  "100009868",
                  "100008548",
                  "100008549",
                  "100008126",
                  "100005724",
                  "100005578",
                  "100009116",
                  "100008036",
                  "100009345",
                  "100005668",
                  "100009403",
                  "100010952",
                  "100008024",
                  "100005487",
                  "100005473",
                  "100005293",
                  "100008035",
                  "100006075",
                  "100005915",
                  "100005469",
                  "100005650",
                  "100005678",
                  "100005692",
                  "100005802",
                  "100005856",
                  "100005893",
                  "100005941",
                  "100006007",
                  "100006011",
                  "100006274",
                  "100007230",
                  "100007300",
                  "100007877",
                  "100007887",
                  "100008263",
                  "100005574",
                  "100007299",
                  "100006691",
                  "100007301"
               ],
               "preferred" : "100007229"
            },
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.38142.3c",
               "preferred" : "grid.38142.3c"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 1936 754X"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "OrgRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "18426501",
                  "1074613",
                  "1562949",
                  "18998741",
                  "260879",
                  "158984",
                  "329529"
               ],
               "preferred" : "18426501"
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q13371",
                  "Q5676556"
               ],
               "preferred" : "Q13371"
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/03vek6s52",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [
            {
               "iso639" : "es",
               "label" : "Universidad de Harvard"
            }
         ],
         "links" : [
            "http://www.harvard.edu/"
         ],
         "name" : "Harvard University",
         "relationships" : [
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04drvxt59",
               "label" : "Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/00dvg7y05",
               "label" : "Boston Children's Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05xckek43",
               "label" : "Boston IVF",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04rkbns44",
               "label" : "Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03w44ff23",
               "label" : "Brigham and Women's Faulkner Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04b6nzv94",
               "label" : "Brigham and Women's Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05a0ya142",
               "label" : "Broad Institute",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/059c3mv67",
               "label" : "Cambridge Health Alliance",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/02jzgtq86",
               "label" : "Dana-Farber Cancer Institute",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/01zxdeg39",
               "label" : "Harvard Pilgrim Health Care",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/00jjeh629",
               "label" : "Harvard–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/02vptss42",
               "label" : "Hebrew SeniorLife",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/044hpwe09",
               "label" : "IIT@Harvard",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/0280a3n32",
               "label" : "Joslin Diabetes Center",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05tby3y60",
               "label" : "Judge Baker Children's Center",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03mbq3y29",
               "label" : "Lahey Hospital and Medical Center",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04g3dn724",
               "label" : "Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/002pd6e78",
               "label" : "Massachusetts General Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05par7p11",
               "label" : "Massachusetts Green High Performance Computing Center",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/01kta7d96",
               "label" : "McLean Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03hrxmf69",
               "label" : "Newton Wellesley Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/023pf5e38",
               "label" : "Somerville Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/011dvr318",
               "label" : "Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/032q5ym94",
               "label" : "Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03hj6c016",
               "label" : "Berenson Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03c3r2d17",
               "label" : "Center for Astrophysics Harvard & Smithsonian",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05r3dyn47",
               "label" : "Center for Systems Biology",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04wsv7966",
               "label" : "Center for Vascular Biology Research",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/004y4rj95",
               "label" : "Gordon Center for Medical Imaging",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04kj1hn59",
               "label" : "Harvard Stem Cell Institute",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/006v7bf86",
               "label" : "Harvard University Press",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/053tmcn30",
               "label" : "MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/053r20n13",
               "label" : "Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04r5ess67",
               "label" : "Sleep and Human Health Institute",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04pvzz946",
               "label" : "The NSF AI Institute for Artificial Intelligence and Fundamental Interactions",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05xsxgs79",
               "label" : "Arnold Arboretum",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/059cpzx98",
               "label" : "Harvard Forest Long Term Ecological Research",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/008cfmj78",
               "label" : "Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering",
               "type" : "Child"
            }
         ],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Education"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_University"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "HUP"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Cambridge",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Cambridge",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Massachusetts",
                     "code" : "US.MA",
                     "id" : 6254926,
                     "name" : "Massachusetts"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Middlesex County",
                     "code" : "US.MA.017",
                     "id" : 4943909,
                     "name" : "Middlesex County"
                  },
                  "id" : 4931972,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 42.383016,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -71.12706,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "Massachusetts",
               "state_code" : "US-MA"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1913,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.446714.4",
               "preferred" : "grid.446714.4"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0001 0694 1061"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q1587900"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/006v7bf86",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://www.hup.harvard.edu/"
         ],
         "name" : "Harvard University Press",
         "relationships" : [
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03vek6s52",
               "label" : "Harvard University",
               "type" : "Parent"
            }
         ],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Other"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_University_Press"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Boston",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Boston",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Massachusetts",
                     "code" : "US.MA",
                     "id" : 6254926,
                     "name" : "Massachusetts"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Suffolk County",
                     "code" : "US.MA.025",
                     "id" : 4952349,
                     "name" : "Suffolk County"
                  },
                  "id" : 4930956,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 43.002984,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -71.25765,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "Massachusetts",
               "state_code" : "US-MA"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1980,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.67104.34",
               "preferred" : "grid.67104.34"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 0415 0102"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q5676515"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/01zxdeg39",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://www.harvardpilgrim.org/portal/page?_pageid=1391,1&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL"
         ],
         "name" : "Harvard Pilgrim Health Care",
         "relationships" : [
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03vek6s52",
               "label" : "Harvard University",
               "type" : "Related"
            }
         ],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Healthcare"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_Pilgrim_Health_Care"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Boston",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Boston",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Massachusetts",
                     "code" : "US.MA",
                     "id" : 6254926,
                     "name" : "Massachusetts"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Suffolk County",
                     "code" : "US.MA.025",
                     "id" : 4952349,
                     "name" : "Suffolk County"
                  },
                  "id" : 4930956,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 42.332102,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -71.110192,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "Massachusetts",
               "state_code" : "US-MA"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1917,
         "external_ids" : {
            "FundRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "100006690",
                  "100006689"
               ],
               "preferred" : "100006690"
            },
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.280934.4",
               "preferred" : "grid.280934.4"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0001 0320 631X"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/05tby3y60",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://jbcc.harvard.edu/"
         ],
         "name" : "Judge Baker Children's Center",
         "relationships" : [
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03vek6s52",
               "label" : "Harvard University",
               "type" : "Related"
            }
         ],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Education"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : ""
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Albuquerque",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Albuquerque",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "New Mexico",
                     "code" : "US.NM",
                     "id" : 5481136,
                     "name" : "New Mexico"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Bernalillo County",
                     "code" : "US.NM.001",
                     "id" : 5457180,
                     "name" : "Bernalillo County"
                  },
                  "id" : 5454711,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 35.146683,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -106.56761,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "New Mexico",
               "state_code" : "US-NM"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : null,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.416039.9",
               "preferred" : "grid.416039.9"
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/04r5ess67",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://sleep.med.harvard.edu/ext/tmanual/Institutions/Sleep_Human_Health.htm"
         ],
         "name" : "Sleep and Human Health Institute",
         "relationships" : [
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03vek6s52",
               "label" : "Harvard University",
               "type" : "Parent"
            }
         ],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Healthcare"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : ""
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "BHP"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Gaborone",
               "country_geonames_id" : 933860,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Gaborone",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Gaborone",
                     "code" : "BW.14",
                     "id" : 11778169,
                     "name" : "Gaborone"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : null,
                     "code" : null,
                     "id" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "id" : 933773,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : -24.65661,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : 25.923299,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : null,
               "state_code" : null
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "BW",
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}

🚧

Consider refining your advanced query searches

Searching all fields with the advanced query may produce more results than desired, slow the speed of the search, and affect the performance of the ROR API. We recommend searching one or more specific fields instead, as in the examples below.

Search a single field

Elastic Search field name syntax fieldname:query can be used to search within a single field. When using this syntax, fieldname must exactly match a field name in the list of All ROR fields and sub-fields, e.g., addresses.geonames_city.city:Melbourne not addresses:Melbourne.

📘

Advanced query parameter format, single field

https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=[fieldname]:[value]

Example

curl 'https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=name:%22Harvard%20University%22'
{
  "number_of_results": 2,
  "time_taken": 1,
  "items": [
    {
      "id": "https://ror.org/03vek6s52",
      "name": "Harvard University",
      "email_address": "",
      "ip_addresses": [],
      "established": 1636,
      "types": [
        "Education"
      ],
      "relationships": [
        {
          "label": "Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/04drvxt59"
        },
        {
          "label": "Boston Children's Hospital",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/00dvg7y05"
        },
        {
          "label": "Boston IVF",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/05xckek43"
        },
        {
          "label": "Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/04rkbns44"
        },
        {
          "label": "Brigham and Women's Faulkner Hospital",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/03w44ff23"
        },
        {
          "label": "Brigham and Women's Hospital",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/04b6nzv94"
        },
        {
          "label": "Broad Institute",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/05a0ya142"
        },
        {
          "label": "Cambridge Health Alliance",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/059c3mv67"
        },
        {
          "label": "Dana-Farber Cancer Institute",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/02jzgtq86"
        },
        {
          "label": "Harvard Pilgrim Health Care",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/01zxdeg39"
        },
        {
          "label": "Harvard–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/00jjeh629"
        },
        {
          "label": "Hebrew SeniorLife",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/02vptss42"
        },
        {
          "label": "IIT@Harvard",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/044hpwe09"
        },
        {
          "label": "Joslin Diabetes Center",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/0280a3n32"
        },
        {
          "label": "Judge Baker Children's Center",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/05tby3y60"
        },
        {
          "label": "Lahey Hospital and Medical Center",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/03mbq3y29"
        },
        {
          "label": "Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/04g3dn724"
        },
        {
          "label": "Massachusetts General Hospital",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/002pd6e78"
        },
        {
          "label": "Massachusetts Green High Performance Computing Center",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/05par7p11"
        },
        {
          "label": "McLean Hospital",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/01kta7d96"
        },
        {
          "label": "Newton Wellesley Hospital",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/03hrxmf69"
        },
        {
          "label": "Somerville Hospital",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/023pf5e38"
        },
        {
          "label": "Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital",
          "type": "Related",
          "id": "https://ror.org/011dvr318"
        },
        {
          "label": "Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/032q5ym94"
        },
        {
          "label": "Berenson Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/03hj6c016"
        },
        {
          "label": "Center for Astrophysics Harvard & Smithsonian",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/03c3r2d17"
        },
        {
          "label": "Center for Systems Biology",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/05r3dyn47"
        },
        {
          "label": "Center for Vascular Biology Research",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/04wsv7966"
        },
        {
          "label": "Gordon Center for Medical Imaging",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/004y4rj95"
        },
        {
          "label": "Harvard Stem Cell Institute",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/04kj1hn59"
        },
        {
          "label": "Harvard University Press",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/006v7bf86"
        },
        {
          "label": "MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/053tmcn30"
        },
        {
          "label": "Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/053r20n13"
        },
        {
          "label": "Sleep and Human Health Institute",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/04r5ess67"
        },
        {
          "label": "The NSF AI Institute for Artificial Intelligence and Fundamental Interactions",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/04pvzz946"
        },
        {
          "label": "Arnold Arboretum",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/05xsxgs79"
        },
        {
          "label": "Harvard Forest Long Term Ecological Research",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/059cpzx98"
        },
        {
          "label": "Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering",
          "type": "Child",
          "id": "https://ror.org/008cfmj78"
        }
      ],
      "addresses": [
        {
          "lat": 42.3751,
          "lng": -71.10561,
          "state": null,
          "state_code": null,
          "city": "Cambridge",
          "geonames_city": {
            "id": 4931972,
            "city": "Cambridge",
            "geonames_admin1": {
              "name": "Massachusetts",
              "id": 6254926,
              "ascii_name": "Massachusetts",
              "code": "US.MA"
            },
            "geonames_admin2": {
              "name": "Middlesex",
              "id": 4943909,
              "ascii_name": "Middlesex",
              "code": "US.MA.017"
            },
            "license": {
              "attribution": "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
              "license": "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
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            "nuts_level1": {
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            "nuts_level2": {
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            "nuts_level3": {
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          },
          "postcode": null,
          "primary": false,
          "line": null,
          "country_geonames_id": 6252001
        }
      ],
      "links": [
        "http://www.harvard.edu/"
      ],
      "aliases": [],
      "acronyms": [],
      "status": "active",
      "wikipedia_url": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_University",
      "labels": [
        {
          "label": "Universidad de Harvard",
          "iso639": "es"
        }
      ],
      "country": {
        "country_name": "United States",
        "country_code": "US"
      },
      "external_ids": {
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      }
    },
    {
      "id": "https://ror.org/006v7bf86",
      "name": "Harvard University Press",
      "email_address": null,
      "ip_addresses": [],
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      "types": [
        "Other"
      ],
      "relationships": [
        {
          "label": "Harvard University",
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      ],
      "addresses": [
        {
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          "lng": -71.12706,
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              "attribution": "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
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Search multiple fields

Search multiple fields and form complex queries with Elasticsearch boolean operator syntax (AND, OR, NOT). Note that the Boolean operator must be surrounded by URL-encoded spaces.

📘

Advanced query parameter format, multiple fields

https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=[fieldname]:[value]+[Boolean operator]+[fieldname]:[value]

Example

curl 'https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=name:Cornell+AND+addresses.geonames_city.city:Ithaca'

The response includes records with the keyword "Cornell" in the name field and the city "Ithaca" in the addresses.geonames_city.city field.

{
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            "CU"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Ithaca",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
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                  "geonames_admin1" : {
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                     "code" : "US.NY",
                     "id" : 5128638,
                     "name" : "New York"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Tompkins",
                     "code" : "US.NY.109",
                     "id" : 5141153,
                     "name" : "Tompkins"
                  },
                  "id" : 5122432,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
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                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
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                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 42.44063,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -76.49661,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : null,
               "state_code" : null
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1865,
         "external_ids" : {
            "FundRef" : {
               "all" : [
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            },
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.5386.8",
               "preferred" : "grid.5386.8"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 1936 877X"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "OrgRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "7954422",
                  "329738",
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               ],
               "preferred" : "7954422"
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q49115"
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            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/05bnh6r87",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [
            {
               "iso639" : "es",
               "label" : "Universidad Cornell"
            }
         ],
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            "http://www.cornell.edu/"
         ],
         "name" : "Cornell University",
         "relationships" : [
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/02sp1z620",
               "label" : "Burke Medical Research Institute",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04dnsc767",
               "label" : "Burke Rehabilitation Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/027zt9171",
               "label" : "Houston Methodist",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/035a72598",
               "label" : "Lincoln Medical Center",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/01skxn174",
               "label" : "Lower Manhattan Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/02yrq0923",
               "label" : "Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/016m8pd54",
               "label" : "Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03f91xw18",
               "label" : "Museum of the Earth",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/01j17xg39",
               "label" : "New York Hospital Queens",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04929s478",
               "label" : "NewYork–Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03gzbrs57",
               "label" : "NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05dvpaj72",
               "label" : "The Rogosin Institute",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05v5hg569",
               "label" : "Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/00yzb1d91",
               "label" : "Wyckoff Heights Medical Center",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/031m8s392",
               "label" : "New York Sea Grant",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03ycy6g75",
               "label" : "New York Space Grant Consortium",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/00j52pq61",
               "label" : "New York State College of Agriculture & Life Sciences",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04r17kf39",
               "label" : "New York State College of Veterinary Medicine",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/00zg6dt46",
               "label" : "New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/047g2xp14",
               "label" : "New York State University College of Human Ecology",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/00mkh7345",
               "label" : "Hubbard Brook Long Term Ecological Research",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/02r109517",
               "label" : "Weill Cornell Medicine",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/00k86w020",
               "label" : "Cornell Lab of Ornithology",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03h0qhk21",
               "label" : "Cornell Atkinson Center for Sustainability",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/04pw1zg89",
               "label" : "PARADIM",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/012qsrr25",
               "label" : "Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station",
               "type" : "Child"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05cshtm26",
               "label" : "Great Lakes Research Consortium",
               "type" : "Related"
            }
         ],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
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         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornell_University"
      },
      {
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            "CLO"
         ],
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            {
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               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Ithaca",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
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                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Tompkins",
                     "code" : "US.NY.109",
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                     "name" : "Tompkins"
                  },
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                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
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                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
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                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
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                  }
               },
               "lat" : 42.44063,
               "line" : null,
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               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
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               "state_code" : null
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [
            "The Cornell Lab of Ornithology"
         ],
         "country" : {
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            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1915,
         "external_ids" : {
            "FundRef" : {
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                  "100017754"
               ],
               "preferred" : "100017754"
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                  "Q2997535"
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         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/00k86w020",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://www.birds.cornell.edu"
         ],
         "name" : "Cornell Lab of Ornithology",
         "relationships" : [
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               "type" : "Parent"
            }
         ],
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         "types" : [
            "Facility"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornell_Lab_of_Ornithology"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "CUAES"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Ithaca",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
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                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "New York",
                     "code" : "US.NY",
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                     "name" : "New York"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Tompkins",
                     "code" : "US.NY.109",
                     "id" : 5141153,
                     "name" : "Tompkins"
                  },
                  "id" : 5122432,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
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                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
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         ],
         "aliases" : [
            "Cornell AES",
            "Cornell AgriTech"
         ],
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            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1880,
         "external_ids" : {
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         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/012qsrr25",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://cals.cornell.edu/agricultural-experiment-station"
         ],
         "name" : "Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station",
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         ],
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         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_State_Agricultural_Experiment_Station"
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      {
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         ],
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         ],
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         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atkinson_Center_for_a_Sustainable_Future"
      },
      {
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         "addresses" : [
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   "meta" : {
      "countries" : [
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            "count" : 5,
            "id" : "us",
            "title" : "United States"
         }
      ],
      "statuses" : [
         {
            "count" : 5,
            "id" : "active",
            "title" : "active"
         }
      ],
      "types" : [
         {
            "count" : 3,
            "id" : "facility",
            "title" : "Facility"
         },
         {
            "count" : 2,
            "id" : "education",
            "title" : "Education"
         }
      ]
   },
   "number_of_results" : 5,
   "time_taken" : 1
}

Example

curl 'https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=name:Cornell+NOT+addresses.geonames_city.city:Ithaca'

The response is a list of records with the keyword "Cornell" in the name field without the city "Ithaca" in the addresses.geonames_city.city field.

{
   "items" : [
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Mount Vernon",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Mount Vernon",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Iowa",
                     "code" : "US.IA",
                     "id" : 4862182,
                     "name" : "Iowa"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Linn",
                     "code" : "US.IA.113",
                     "id" : 4864924,
                     "name" : "Linn"
                  },
                  "id" : 4868251,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 41.92195,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -91.41684,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : null,
               "state_code" : null
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1853,
         "external_ids" : {
            "FundRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "100013072"
               ],
               "preferred" : "100013072"
            },
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.254690.c",
               "preferred" : "grid.254690.c"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 0436 344X"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "OrgRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "589217"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q5171517"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/01wvxpc32",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://www.cornellcollege.edu/"
         ],
         "name" : "Cornell College",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Education"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornell_College"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "WCM"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "New York",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "New York",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "New York",
                     "code" : "US.NY",
                     "id" : 5128638,
                     "name" : "New York"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : null,
                     "code" : null,
                     "id" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "id" : 5128581,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 40.71427,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -74.00597,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : null,
               "state_code" : null
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1989,
         "external_ids" : {
            "FundRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "100007273"
               ],
               "preferred" : "100007273"
            },
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.471410.7",
               "preferred" : "grid.471410.7"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0001 2179 7643"
               ],
               "preferred" : "0000 0001 2179 7643"
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q3567094"
               ],
               "preferred" : "Q3567094"
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/02r109517",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://weill.cornell.edu"
         ],
         "name" : "Weill Cornell Medicine",
         "relationships" : [
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/03zjqec80",
               "label" : "Hospital for Special Surgery",
               "type" : "Related"
            },
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05bnh6r87",
               "label" : "Cornell University",
               "type" : "Parent"
            }
         ],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Education"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weill_Cornell_Medicine"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "CSHHC"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "New Haven",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "New Haven",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Connecticut",
                     "code" : "US.CT",
                     "id" : 4831725,
                     "name" : "Connecticut"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "New Haven County",
                     "code" : "US.CT.009",
                     "id" : 4839373,
                     "name" : "New Haven County"
                  },
                  "id" : 4839366,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 41.29773,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -72.939067,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "Connecticut",
               "state_code" : "US-CT"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1968,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.434882.1",
               "preferred" : "grid.434882.1"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 0481 8993"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q30256999"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/04cx6n327",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://cornellscott.org/"
         ],
         "name" : "Cornell Scott-Hill Health Center",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Healthcare"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : ""
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "CCESC"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Liberty",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Liberty",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "New York",
                     "code" : "US.NY",
                     "id" : 5128638,
                     "name" : "New York"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Sullivan County",
                     "code" : "US.NY.105",
                     "id" : 5140135,
                     "name" : "Sullivan County"
                  },
                  "id" : 5124323,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 41.786391,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -74.778157,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "New York",
               "state_code" : "US-NY"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1914,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.486913.1",
               "preferred" : "grid.486913.1"
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/05snsev90",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://sullivancce.org/"
         ],
         "name" : "Cornell Cooperative Extension Sullivan County",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Nonprofit"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : ""
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "CCE"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Riverhead",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Riverhead",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "New York",
                     "code" : "US.NY",
                     "id" : 5128638,
                     "name" : "New York"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Suffolk County",
                     "code" : "US.NY.103",
                     "id" : 5140076,
                     "name" : "Suffolk County"
                  },
                  "id" : 5133926,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 40.920332,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -72.667168,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "New York",
               "state_code" : "US-NY"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1917,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.448516.a",
               "preferred" : "grid.448516.a"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0001 2222 496X"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/0581e0971",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://ccesuffolk.org/"
         ],
         "name" : "Cornell Cooperative Extension of Suffolk County",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Nonprofit"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : ""
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "WCMC-Q"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Doha",
               "country_geonames_id" : 289688,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Doha",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Baladīyat ad Dawḩah",
                     "code" : "QA.01",
                     "id" : 389470,
                     "name" : "Baladīyat ad Dawḩah"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : null,
                     "code" : null,
                     "id" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "id" : 290030,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 25.28545,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : 51.53096,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : null,
               "state_code" : null
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "QA",
            "country_name" : "Qatar"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 2001,
         "external_ids" : {
            "FundRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "100019460"
               ],
               "preferred" : "100019460"
            },
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.416973.e",
               "preferred" : "grid.416973.e"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 0582 4340"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "OrgRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "2525484"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q4118834"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/05v5hg569",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [
            {
               "iso639" : "ar",
               "label" : "كلية طب وايل كورنيل"
            }
         ],
         "links" : [
            "http://qatar-weill.cornell.edu/"
         ],
         "name" : "Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar",
         "relationships" : [
            {
               "id" : "https://ror.org/05bnh6r87",
               "label" : "Cornell University",
               "type" : "Related"
            }
         ],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Education"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weill_Cornell_Medical_College_in_Qatar"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "CCE"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Watertown",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Watertown",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "New York",
                     "code" : "US.NY",
                     "id" : 5128638,
                     "name" : "New York"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Jefferson County",
                     "code" : "US.NY.045",
                     "id" : 5122581,
                     "name" : "Jefferson County"
                  },
                  "id" : 5143396,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 43.972889,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -75.894944,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "New York",
               "state_code" : "US-NY"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : null,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.486908.b",
               "preferred" : "grid.486908.b"
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/055hhfr85",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://ccejefferson.org"
         ],
         "name" : "Cornell Cooperative Extension Association of Jefferson County",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Nonprofit"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : ""
      }
   ],
   "meta" : {
      "countries" : [
         {
            "count" : 6,
            "id" : "us",
            "title" : "United States"
         },
         {
            "count" : 1,
            "id" : "qa",
            "title" : "Qatar"
         }
      ],
      "statuses" : [
         {
            "count" : 7,
            "id" : "active",
            "title" : "active"
         }
      ],
      "types" : [
         {
            "count" : 3,
            "id" : "education",
            "title" : "Education"
         },
         {
            "count" : 3,
            "id" : "nonprofit",
            "title" : "Nonprofit"
         },
         {
            "count" : 1,
            "id" : "healthcare",
            "title" : "Healthcare"
         }
      ]
   },
   "number_of_results" : 7,
   "time_taken" : 1
}

Search all sub-fields of a parent field

Elasticsearch field name syntax can be used to search all sub-fields of a parent field.

📘

Advanced query parameter format, sub-fields of a parent field

https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=[parent fieldname]%5c*:[value]

Note that \ characters must be URL-encoded.

Example

curl 'https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=addresses.%5c*:Melbourne'

The response is a list of records in which the term "Melbourne" appears in one of the sub-fields of the addresses field.

{
   "items" : [
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "ATSE"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Melbourne",
               "country_geonames_id" : 2077456,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Melbourne",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Victoria",
                     "code" : "AU.07",
                     "id" : 2145234,
                     "name" : "Victoria"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Melbourne",
                     "code" : "AU.07.24600",
                     "id" : 7839805,
                     "name" : "Melbourne"
                  },
                  "id" : 2158177,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : -37.834929,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : 144.973821,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "Victoria",
               "state_code" : "AU-VIC"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [
            "Australian Academy of Technological Sciences"
         ],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "AU",
            "country_name" : "Australia"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1976,
         "external_ids" : {
            "FundRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "501100001183"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.423058.8",
               "preferred" : "grid.423058.8"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0000 9271 7113"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q4823783"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/04cpjyv67",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://www.atse.org.au/"
         ],
         "name" : "Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Nonprofit"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Academy_of_Technological_Sciences_and_Engineering"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "ACOLA"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Melbourne",
               "country_geonames_id" : 2077456,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Melbourne",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Victoria",
                     "code" : "AU.07",
                     "id" : 2145234,
                     "name" : "Victoria"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Melbourne",
                     "code" : "AU.07.24600",
                     "id" : 7839805,
                     "name" : "Melbourne"
                  },
                  "id" : 2158177,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : -37.834811,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : 144.97376,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
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Advanced query parameter format, non-null values in a field

https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=_exists_:[fieldname]

🚧

Null vs. empty string

Most ROR record fields that have no value are set to null. An exception is wikipedia_url. Empty wikipedia_url values were set to empty strings "" in inherited GRID records.

For some other fields, like addresses.line, most empty values were set to null, but a small number of records inherited from GRID have empty strings.

We plan to change empty strings to null in the future, but currently _exists_:[fieldname] may include results with empty strings for some fields.

Example

curl 'https://api.ror.org/organizations?query.advanced=_exists_:external_ids.ISNI.all'

The response is a list of ROR records with ISNI identifiers.

{
   "items" : [
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Des Plaines",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Des Plaines",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Illinois",
                     "code" : "US.IL",
                     "id" : 4896861,
                     "name" : "Illinois"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Cook County",
                     "code" : "US.IL.031",
                     "id" : 4888671,
                     "name" : "Cook County"
                  },
                  "id" : 4889772,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 42.061893,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -87.880644,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "Illinois",
               "state_code" : "US-IL"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1969,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.422989.c",
               "preferred" : "grid.422989.c"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0000 9424 1825"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "OrgRef" : {
               "all" : [
                  "1911696"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q7074230"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/020bcb226",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://www.oakton.edu/"
         ],
         "name" : "Oakton Community College",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Education"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oakton_Community_College"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Mountain View",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Mountain View",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "California",
                     "code" : "US.CA",
                     "id" : 5332921,
                     "name" : "California"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Santa Clara County",
                     "code" : "US.CA.085",
                     "id" : 5393021,
                     "name" : "Santa Clara County"
                  },
                  "id" : 5375480,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 37.396531,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -122.051134,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "California",
               "state_code" : "US-CA"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 2008,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.422994.0",
               "preferred" : "grid.422994.0"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 5912 4841"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q30284043"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/05aqjad88",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://www.astraeatherapeutics.com/"
         ],
         "name" : "Astraea Therapeutics (United States)",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Company"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : ""
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "San Diego",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "San Diego",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "California",
                     "code" : "US.CA",
                     "id" : 5332921,
                     "name" : "California"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "San Diego County",
                     "code" : "US.CA.073",
                     "id" : 5391832,
                     "name" : "San Diego County"
                  },
                  "id" : 5391811,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 32.894908,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -117.147525,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "California",
               "state_code" : "US-CA"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 2004,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.422995.1",
               "preferred" : "grid.422995.1"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 0586 9549"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q30284044"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/05mr3er35",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://www.oceannanotech.com/"
         ],
         "name" : "Ocean NanoTech (United States)",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Company"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : ""
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "ASP"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "San Francisco",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "San Francisco",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "California",
                     "code" : "US.CA",
                     "id" : 5332921,
                     "name" : "California"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "City and County of San Francisco",
                     "code" : "US.CA.075",
                     "id" : 5391997,
                     "name" : "City and County of San Francisco"
                  },
                  "id" : 5391959,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 37.724931,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -122.462119,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "California",
               "state_code" : "US-CA"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 1889,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.422996.2",
               "preferred" : "grid.422996.2"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0001 0944 6525"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q751779"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/019xfaf13",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://www.astrosociety.org/"
         ],
         "name" : "Astronomical Society of the Pacific",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Nonprofit"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astronomical_Society_of_the_Pacific"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Austin",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Austin",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Texas",
                     "code" : "US.TX",
                     "id" : 4736286,
                     "name" : "Texas"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Travis County",
                     "code" : "US.TX.453",
                     "id" : 4737316,
                     "name" : "Travis County"
                  },
                  "id" : 4671654,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 30.213198,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -97.743622,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "Texas",
               "state_code" : "US-TX"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 2006,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.422997.3",
               "preferred" : "grid.422997.3"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0004 0450 8303"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            },
            "Wikidata" : {
               "all" : [
                  "Q30284045"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/00g6vqe09",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "https://asuragen.com/"
         ],
         "name" : "Asuragen (United States)",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Company"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asuragen"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [
            "NSCA"
         ],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Washington D.C.",
               "country_geonames_id" : 6252001,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Washington, D.C.",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Washington, D.C.",
                     "code" : "US.DC",
                     "id" : 4138106,
                     "name" : "Washington, D.C."
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "Washington County",
                     "code" : "US.DC.001",
                     "id" : 4140987,
                     "name" : "Washington County"
                  },
                  "id" : 4140963,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  },
                  "nuts_level3" : {
                     "code" : null,
                     "name" : null
                  }
               },
               "lat" : 38.897728,
               "line" : null,
               "lng" : -77.036539,
               "postcode" : null,
               "primary" : false,
               "state" : "District of Columbia",
               "state_code" : "US-DC"
            }
         ],
         "aliases" : [
            "NSC Alliance"
         ],
         "country" : {
            "country_code" : "US",
            "country_name" : "United States"
         },
         "email_address" : null,
         "established" : 2013,
         "external_ids" : {
            "GRID" : {
               "all" : "grid.422998.c",
               "preferred" : "grid.422998.c"
            },
            "ISNI" : {
               "all" : [
                  "0000 0001 0343 9578"
               ],
               "preferred" : null
            }
         },
         "id" : "https://ror.org/03jnf0b15",
         "ip_addresses" : [],
         "labels" : [],
         "links" : [
            "http://www.nscalliance.org/"
         ],
         "name" : "Natural Science Collections Alliance",
         "relationships" : [],
         "status" : "active",
         "types" : [
            "Nonprofit"
         ],
         "wikipedia_url" : "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_Science_Collections_Alliance"
      },
      {
         "acronyms" : [],
         "addresses" : [
            {
               "city" : "Bristol",
               "country_geonames_id" : 2635167,
               "geonames_city" : {
                  "city" : "Bristol",
                  "geonames_admin1" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "England",
                     "code" : "GB.ENG",
                     "id" : 6269131,
                     "name" : "England"
                  },
                  "geonames_admin2" : {
                     "ascii_name" : "City of Bristol",
                     "code" : "GB.ENG.B7",
                     "id" : 3333134,
                     "name" : "City of Bristol"
                  },
                  "id" : 2654675,
                  "license" : {
                     "attribution" : "Data from geonames.org under a CC-BY 3.0 license",
                     "license" : "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"
                  },
                  "nuts_level1" : {
                     "code" : "UKK",
                     "name" : "SOUTH WEST (ENGLAND)"
                  },
                  "nuts_level2" : {